The following photos were taken during a 45 days field research at the Buduburam Liberian Refugee Settlement in Ghana in partial for the academic requirement for the Master's of Arts degree in International Development and Social Change at Clark University. The study was funded by Compton Foundation through the Department of International Development, Community, and Environment at Clark University. A full report of the study entitled: "Liberian Refugees in Ghana: Environmental Security Implications of the Indiscriminate Disposal of Municipal Solid Waste is currently being considered for publishing and I will update this page once that process is complete.
The purpose of posting the following photos from the field research is to solicit and promote national and international awareness and education of the environmental and health risks that are associated with the indiscriminate disposal of solid waste in the local environment. All the photos were taken by Research Assistants, who were duly acknowledged in the full report. I will try to engage each photos with captions that capture specific issues to the project.
|UNHCR Dumpsters used to collect solid waste|
|Solid Waste Station at the camp|
|Close zoom in at dumpsite at the churd|
|Open dumpsite by the building of the |
Shepherd Church of the Nazarene
|Sign post to community members by local activists/volunteers|
to stop dumping waste in an open field about 10 meters from homes.
|Human waste and other waste products are openly discarded|
in the community.
|Human feces from a public latrine built by the UNHCR and|
maintain by NCS openly disposed in the middle of communities exposing
them to air, water and land pollution, which are drivers of various diseases at the camp.
|An uncovered pit containing human feces.|
|A public/community bathroom being misused as dumpsites|
by residents at the camp. The black plastic in the photo contain human feces.
|An unmanaged drainage system passes in front of the|
homes of camp residents containing both liquid, solid and human (feces) waste.
|The Landfill at the Buduburam Refugee Settlement located about 2 miles east of the camp.|
|A member of the NCS/UNHCR sanitation team poorly equip unloads|
dumpster filled with municipal solid waste.
|One of the two traitors donated by the UNHCR to the NCS for the|
collection and disposal of solid waste.
|An almost damaged and dyfunctional dumpster still be used by|
the NCS to transport MSW.
|A local Ghanaian lady seeks way to collecting items from the landfill that|
can still be used/recycled.
|The burning of waste happens everyday of the year except |
New Years day and Xmas holiday.